What is cataract?
Inside the eye, we have a lens, known as the crystalline lens. This is a clear structure when we are born but forms opacifications, which is called cataract. This is part of the normal process of aging.
What symptoms can I expect?
The vision decreases, colors decrease in intensity and patients start complaining of glare and difficulty seeing while driving, especially at night.
Do I have to wait till the lens become completely white for treatment?
Absolutely not!!! Cataracts can be surgically removed once it reaches a point in which vision is compromised.
Is the surgery as elaborate as all the big operations? Do I have to stay in the hospital?
Cataract surgery involves removal of the cataract (opacified cyrtalline lens) and insertion of an intraocular lens implant to help restore vision. It is a half an hour procedure and you can go home the same day. Most patients will get an implant that is set for distance and they will need to use glasses for near tasks such as reading.
We also have some options to correct both distance and near vision at the time of cataract surgery such as monofocal vision, multifocal intraocular lenses.
Nowadays, we have more options than in the past when it comes to intraocular lens placement during cataract surgery. Remember to ask us about all the possible intraocular lens options including risks and benefits prior to undergoing cataract surgery so that you are provided the best option that matches your vision requirement
Process of Cataract Surgery
Cataract Surgery Recovery Tips
The various surgical options available are as follows:
1. Small incision cataract surgery
- Requires a smaller incision of 5mm.
- Cataract is removed manually and lens is placed.
- No stitches.
- Faster wound healing.
2. Phacoemulification/Laser – Micro incision cataract surgery
Over the years the size of the corneal incision made during cataract surgery has considerably reduced leading to faster visual recovery and reduced postoperative discomfort
- Requires a very small incision of about 2 mm.
- The nucleus is emulsified into small pieces and removed.
- A foldable lens is used allowing implantation into the eye without extension of the incision.
- Walk-in walk-out procedure.
- Painless, bloodless and stitch less surgery.
- Can be done under topical anaesthesia without injection.