A child’s vision is still developing and can be vulnerable to eye disease. Untreated infection, refractive error and misaligned eyes can harm vision. By finding and treating problems early, healthy vision can develop.
The common problems encountered are
- Refractive errror
- Amblyopia also knows as lazy eye
- Strabismus or squint
- Cloudy eye due to cataract, corneal opacity, tumors
- Blocked tear duct
Two out of ten babies are born with blocked tear duct. The treatment is as simple as massage near adjacent to the duct area.
History will judge us by the difference we make in everyday lives of our children.
Retinopathy of prematurity
Retinopathy of prematurity (ROP) affects babies whose birthweight is less than 2000 gms or born before 8 and half months of pregnancy. It causes abnormal blood vessels to grow in the retina, and can lead to blindness.
What happens in Retinopathy of Prematurity?
Blood vessels start growing abnormally and randomly in the eye. These vessels tend to leak or bleed, leading to scarring of the retina, the layer of nerve tissue in the eye that lets us see.
Some cases of ROP are mild and correct themselves, but others require treatment.
Treatment involves using a laser or intravitreal injection to stop the growth of this abnormal blood vessels. In advanced cases rarely baby may require surgery.